Yesterday was the hundredth anniversary of the signing of the Sèvres contract. The Treaty of Sèvres saw the Ottoman Empire fragmented, Greece, Syria and Armenia receiving old lost countries, the creation of an independent Kurdistan and France, Britain and Italy having zones of influence in former Ottoman territories. The Turks would practically have a small shell state in the middle of Anatolia. This is one of the greatest humiliations in Turkish history and the treaty sparked ultranationalists who not only led to a new phase of the Christian genocide, which exterminated about 3 million Greeks, Armenians and Assyrians, but also defeated the Turkish nationalist forces of the opposing armies in Anatolia, thus ending the Treaty of Sèvres just three years after its signing. The Treaty of Sèvres was replaced by the Treaty of Lausanne and most of the lands lost by Turkey in Anatolia and Eastern Thrace were returned to Turkish rule. With an uncontrollable economic situation, Erdoğan yesterday began symbolically provocative naval maneuvers in Greek maritime space, putting the Greek army on high alert and in a state of war. By escorting the research vessel Oruç Reis with seven warships, Erdoğan made an important gesture by launching a grand provocation in one day considered a national embarrassment for Turkey. By opposing Greek maritime space to explore and find gas deposits, Erdoğan is trying to show that Turkey is not as weak as it was a hundred years ago, when the Treaty of Sèvres was signed, but a powerful country capable of asserting its interests. The details of the treaty on the British Mandate in Iraq were concluded on April 25, 1920 at the San Remo Conference. The oil concession in the region was awarded to the British-controlled Turkish Petroleum Company (TPC), which held concessions in Mosul province. British and Iraqi negotiators had fierce discussions on the new oil concession. The League of Nations voted on the Mosul provision and Iraqis feared that Iraq would lose the territory without British support. In March 1925, the TPC was renamed the Iraq Petroleum Company (IPC) and obtained a full 75-year concession.
There was no general agreement among the Kurds on what the borders of Kurdistan should be because of the inequality between the areas of Kurdish colonization and the political and administrative borders of the region.  The contours of Kurdistan had been proposed in 1919 by Şerif Pasha, who represented the Kurdistan Elevation Society (Kürdistan Teali Cemiyeti) at the Paris Peace Conference. He defined the borders of the region as follows: the French mandate was defined at the San Remo Conference and included the region between the Euphrates and the Syrian desert to the east and the Mediterranean to the west, and stretched from the Nur Mountains in the north to Egypt in the south, an area of about 60,000 square miles (160,000 km2), a population of approximately 3,000,000, including Lebanon and an expanded Syria; Who were then reassigned under a League of Nations mandate. The region was divided among the French as follows into four governments: government of Aleppo, from the Euphrates region to the Mediterranean; Greater Lebanon stretching from Tripoli to Palestine; Damascus, including Damascus, Hama, Hems and Hauran; and the land of the mountain of Arisarieh. Faisal ibn Husain, proclaimed king of Syria by a Syrian national congress in Damascus in March 1920, was driven out by the French in July of the same year.